Lietuva

Cities






Kaunas

The Cradle of Lithuanian Culture and Tradition

 

 

Lithuania's second largest city, Kaunas, is situated at the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers, closer to what would be
Lithuania's geographical centre. The city is an important industrial and cultural centre with an approximate population of 415,000.

The earliest known references to Kaunas appear in records dating from 1361. The city's old town, picturesquely dominating the junction of two rivers, is a fascinating combination of archaeology, architecture and history. Here one finds the remains of a castle dating back to the 13th to 16th centuries standing as evidence of the ancient battles between Lithuania and the knights of the Teutonic Order. Numerous  other buildings crowd together in a stimulating  mixture of the arts and architecture of different eras. The 15th century produced the church of Vytautas, Saint George's church and the reconstructed Cathedral. City Hal!, dating from the 16th to 18th centuries, is surrounded by charming old houses; the PerkUnas (Thunder) House dates back to the 15th century.